May 3, 2012

Police Brutality Turns Civil Rights Tide

Encyclopedia of Alabama, Encyclopedia of Alabama

The climax of the modern civil rights movement occurred in Birmingham. The city's violent response to the spring 1963 demonstrations against white supremacy forced the federal government to intervene on behalf of race reform. City Commissioner T. Eugene "Bull" Connor's use of police dogs and fire hoses against nonviolent black activists, led by Fred L. Shuttlesworth and Martin Luther King, Jr., enraged the nation. The public outcry provoked President John F. Kennedy to propose civil rights legislation that became the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The act opened America's social, economic, and political system to African Americans 

Demonstrators Attacked

and other minorities, including women, the handicapped, and gays and lesbians. The legislation addressed the principal...

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TAGGED: civil rights, Alabama


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May 15, 2012
The Day George Wallace Got Shot
William Greider, Washington Post
A young assailant dressed in red, white and blue shot Gov. George C. Wallace of Alabama yesterday in the midst of a Laurel campaign rally, leaving him paralyzed in both legs. Surrounded by a crowd of 1,000, the 52-year-old... more ››
May 17, 2012
Segregation Strikes Out at Supreme Court
Douglas Linder, UMKC
 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka is widely known as the Supreme Court decision that declared segregated schools to be "inherently unequal."  The story behind the case, including that of the 1951 trial in a Kansas... more ››
May 17, 2012
Did Brown v. Board Ever Really Matter?
Cass Sunstein, New Yorker
On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court announced its decision in the case of Brown v. Board of Education. “Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal,” the Court ruled unanimously, declaring that they violated... more ››