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Germany Archives

East Germany Splits Berlin With Wall

Started on Aug. 13, 1961, the government of East Germany built a wall cutting off West Berlin completely from surrounding East Germany. The wall stood until 1989, preventing nearly all defections from East Germany to West Berlin and subsequently other Western nations, though that was not officially the wall's purpose. The communist government, in naming the Wall the "Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart," sought to imply that West Germany was still under Nazi rule. Send to a Friend |

Polish Resistance Fights to Liberate Warsaw

On August 1, 1944, Polish resistance fighters rose up against the occupying Nazi armies in an attempt to liberate Warsaw. The uprising was intended to coordinate with Soviet advances from the east, but the Soviet armies stopped short and the Germans were able to regroup. After 63 days of fighting, the Poles were crushed and Germany set about destroying Warsaw. Send to a Friend |

World War I Breaks Out in Europe

Sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in June 1914, war broke out between Serbia, Austria-Hungary, Germany, Britain, France, and Russia. The Great War featured a showdown between the world's two greatest navies, Britain and Germany, and drew the U.S. out of isolationism. Send to a Friend |

Stauffenberg Leads Hitler Assassination Attempt

On July 20, 1944, Lieutenant Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg successfully detonated a bomb in a meeting between Hitler and other top Nazi leaders. The plot, featured in the Tom Cruise film Valkyrie, was the culmination of efforts by officers who felt Germany was being led to disaster and that Hitler had to be removed from power. Send to a Friend |

Hitler's Bloody Overnight Power Grab

On the Night of the Long Knives, June 30, 1934, SS and Gestapo men arrested Hitler's opponents throughout Nazi Germany. In the morning, Hitler gave the order to execute the arrested men and effectively removed all opposition to his taking complete power. Send to a Friend |

Video Archives - August 2014