Story of Henry III Begins With a King Behaving Badly

Today in Military History: May 14, 1264

I present for you another of those small medieval battles that have escaped the notice of the general public. We start with a king behaving badly, which forces his nobles to assert their rights and provokes a three-year war called the Second Barons War (1264-1267).


Nearly two hundred years after the Norman conquest of England, King Henry III ruled the nation. He was, however, abusing his royal power by appointing many corrupt officials, as well as giving land and privileges to foreign favorites. The English barons felt that the Magna Carta, signed in 1215 and enumerating various rights enjoyed by the nobles, was being ignored by the monarch.


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