Alongside the coup d'état in June and the destruction of the Republic of Estonia a thorough purge started in the whole state machinery. One by one the former county governors, mayors and police chiefs were removed from the office and the members of the Communist Party of Estonia (which had again started its activities) or other communist-minded figures were nominated to their positions. People were judged according to the Criminal Code of the Russian SSFR and conviction became extremely simple. Even the formation of the Republic of Estonia was regarded as a criminal act. The number of innocent people lost as well as the number of arrests increased constantly. In the winter of 1940-1941 the security organs started preparations for mass deportations in Estonia.The future front line had to be cleared of the "socially hostile element".