It's been 26 years since Hong Guilian watched as a doctor drowned her newborn child. She begged him to stop, but her protests were futile.
Three years later it happened again. This time she was six months pregnant when they took her to the family planning clinic for a forced abortion.
China's one-child policy lasted 35 years and came at an enormous human cost, leaving a legacy of heartbreak.
It also left China with an aging population that will likely threaten its growth — and its capacity to innovate — for decades. The demographic engineering experiment skewed the country's gender balance, leaving it with some 30 million more men than women, a byproduct of sex-selective abortions that couples illegally sought out in order to make sure their lone child would be a son.