Fall of Vicksburg the Key to Union Victory

In early July of 1863 the campaign that more than any other determined the outcome of the American Civil war was concluded. That campaign was not the battle of Gettysburg, fought during the first three days of the month, but Vicksburg, which fell to Union forces on July 4.

Gettysburg is commonly called the turning point of the Civil War, the “high tide of the Confederacy.” Yet I think a compelling case can be made that the capture of Vicksburg by Union General Ulysses S. Grant had a greater impact on the outcome of the war.

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