he year 1943 dawned with the slightest glimmer of hope that the balance of power in World War 2 was slowly shifting in the Allies favor. In the Pacific the Americans had won a bloody victory on Guadalcanal, and on the Eastern Front the Russian were slowly driving the Nazis back. The invasion of North Africa created a major beachhead and while General Rommel was still a serious threat, the momentum, favored the Allies.
President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill scheduled a secret conference to be held in Casablanca, Morocco in early January, 1943 to determine overall strategy for the next phase of the war. The conference was given the code name SYMBOL. The two leaders had become good friends and they shared a certain sense of humor even in these perilous times.