In July of 1936, the Spanish Civil War began and rapidly turned into was one of the bloodiest conflicts during the Twentieth Century in Europe. The war was not simply a Spanish affair but drew in several other nations, including Italy, Portugal, Germany, and the Soviet Union.
The war was a result of many factors, but the one primary causes of the Spanish Civil War was the failure of Spanish democracy. This failure resulted from the refusal of the Spanish political parties and groups to compromise and respect democratic norms.
Why was Spanish society divided before the Civil War?
Spain was a very divided, unstable, and weak country in the 19th century. Once a great power, Spain lost almost the last of its colonies after its defeat in the Spanish-American war. It was technically a monarchy, but power had frequently been in the hands of military dictators. The country was bitterly divided. The Spanish people's acute poverty meant that many were drawn to Communism, Anarchism, and Socialism.  These ideologies call for popular governments and the re-distribution of resources, such as land and wealth.