Here's How Nuremberg Tribunal Was Assembled

In June 1945, after Germany’s surrender, delegations from the four Allied powers—the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union—met in London to write a charter. It established an international tribunal, or court, that would be responsible for conducting trials of Germany’s leaders. Article 6 of the charter described the jurisdiction, or authority, of the tribunal:
The following acts, or any of them, are crimes coming within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal for which there shall be individual responsibility:
CRIMES AGAINST PEACE: namely, planning, preparation, initiation or waging of a war of aggression, or a war in violation of international treaties, agreements or assurances, or participation in a common plan or conspiracy for the accomplishment of any of the foregoing.
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