How Civil War Battle Played Out 'Above the Clouds'

Portrait of Joseph Hooker
Major General Joseph Hooker’s victory at the Battle of Lookout Mountain on November 24, 1863, enabled him to assist in the Union victory at the Battle of Missionary Ridge on the following day. [Wikimedia Commons]
Battle of Lookout Mountain
November 24, 1863
The Battle of Lookout Mountain, also known as the Battle Above the Clouds, was a military engagement between Union forces commanded by Major General Ulysses S. Grant and Confederate forces commanded by General Braxton Bragg on November 24, 1863 during the Chattanooga Campaign.
Prelude to the Battle
On December 26, 1862, Major General William S. Rosecrans led the Union Army of the Cumberland out of Nashville, Tennessee with orders to capture Chattanooga, Tennessee. Chattanooga was an important railroad junction that connected the upper Confederacy with the Deep South. Between Rosecrans and Chattanooga was Lieutenant General Braxton Bragg and his Confederate Army of Tennessee.
The two armies clashed in a series of battles over the next nine months and Rebels consistently retreated south. On September 9, Bragg abandoned Chattanooga and led the Army of Tennessee through the mountains into northern Georgia.
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