Original Account of Sherman's March to the Sea

WE devote a large portion of our present Number to the graphic and interesting illustrations of General Sherman's march through Georgia, which we have received from our special artist, Mr. Theodore R. Davis. Such a military event has not occurred in history since Napoleon's celebrated but ill-omened march from Warsaw to Moscow in 1812. That adventure resulted in the destruction of a noble army, not by the force of the enemy met on the field of battle, but by the necessities of hunger and cold encountered in the desert wastes of a Russian winter. The record of General Sherman's march covers exactly the period of a single month, and extends over a distance of more than three hundred miles, passed through the heart of the enemy's country; but it terminates in perfect success. It is hardly possible to overestimate the importance of this success; and yet it dwindles into insignificance when compared with the promised victories to which it is preliminary.
Ever since this war began the rebels have lavishly exhausted their strength by the audacity of their offensive policy. To be able with some show of force to threaten the capture of Washington or a march to the banks of the Ohio gave the Confederacy a bold front, which imparted confidence to its friends at home and abroad, and was intended to convince the loyal States of the hopelessness of the war. Not accomplishing this latter purpose, it failed of any substantial benefit. Jefferson Davis has persisted in this spendthrift habit of waging war until he has entirely exhausted the white population of the South, and is now advised by the highest military authority in the Confederacy to conscript negro slaves. His injudicious policy has resulted in as great loss of material as of men. Taking merely the last two months -- from October 17 to December 17 -- the offensive campaigns of Hood, Early, and Price, have cost the Confederacy, if we include the capture of Savannah, over three hundred and fifty guns and forty thousand men. 
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